When it comes to your little one, you want to make the healthiest choices. You eat healthy, devote time to exercise and also take your prenatal vitamins regularly. But are you aware of the foods to avoid during pregnancy?
What you eat matters a lot when you are expecting because it directly impacts the health of your baby. You want to make sure you are eating sufficient nutrients, vitamins and minerals so that your baby grows and develops in a healthy manner.
You should eat fruits and vegetables, lean meats, whole grains, legumes and low-fat dairy products. At the same time, you must be fully aware of the foods to avoid during pregnancy; after all not all of them are safe. We’ve compiled a list of the foods to avoid during pregnancy so as to help you make healthy food choices.
Foods to avoid during the First Trimester
Nutrition in the first trimester of pregnancy is a key to your health and the health of your fetus. Just as there are foods recommended for pregnant women, there are also some other foods that you must avoid completely to preserve their health and the health of their fetus.
Learn about the list of foods prohibited for pregnant women in the early months:
- Dairy products: Avoid unpasteurized dairy products, especially soft cheeses made from unpasteurized milk, as they may contain E.coli or listeria bacteria, which may cause miscarriage and birth defects.
- Processed meats: Avoid raw or unripe meat and poultry, such as luncheon, pastrami, roast beef, hot dogs, and burgers.
- Fish: Fish is a source of protein and omega-3, but fish that contain high mercury should be avoided, such as mackerel, as mercury affects the growth of the child’s nervous system, as well as raw and undercooked fish, such as oysters, sushi, fetish, and herring.
- Raw eggs: Be careful not to eat raw eggs that are undercooked or that go into making cookies or cakes because they contain salmonella bacteria.
- Salt: Eat salt in reasonable quantities and stay away from salty foods, especially pickles, as excess salt causes preeclampsia.
- Canned juices: Avoid unpasteurized juices and milk, as they contain bacteria including Campylobacter, E. coli, Listeria, or Salmonella.
- Caffeine: Avoid tea, coffee, Nescafe, and soft drinks, as they contain high levels of caffeine, which affects the growth and nervous system of the fetus.
- Vegetables and herbs: Avoid parsley, thyme, dill, cinnamon, fenugreek, or mint, as they are considered uterine stimulants and canned salad dishes to avoid bacteria.
Foods to avoid during the Second Trimester
During this period of pregnancy, the body of a pregnant woman undergoes many changes. It is affected by the foods that the mother consumes, so the pregnant woman must adhere to eating various healthy foods and avoid eating some foods that harm her health and her fetus’s health.
Forbidden food for a pregnant woman in the fourth, fifth and sixth months:
- Fried and salted foods: The body begins to swell a little at this stage due to water retention. So it is recommended to reduce salt in cooking and use lemons and avoid foods rich in salts, such as French fries, salted nuts, canned foods, sauces, pickles, and olives, because they increase stomach disorders, indigestion, and bloating Belly.
- Sweets: The pregnant woman’s body increases at this stage of pregnancy to develop gestational diabetes. So, you should avoid eating fatty sweets and reduce eating all foods that contain sugars by a large percentage because they lead to an increase in the mother’s blood sugar and the fetus’s blood. It must be changed with fruits and nuts unsalted or light sweets, such as yogurt with fruit or plain cake with a spoonful jam or honey or banana, apple and strawberry for pregnant women.
- Fatty foods: Pregnant women are advised not to eat more fatty foods, especially in the second stage of pregnancy, including butter, ghee, and oils, and to reduce foods that cause obesity in general. Because they contain very high fats that cause an increase in the weight of the mother and an increase in the weight of the fetus, which leads to Difficulty removing the fetus during childbirth, and it poses a threat to the health of the mother and the fetus. In addition, avoid adding basil oil or garlic oil to food because they cause muscular contractions in the uterus from the sixth month that can cause premature labor.
- Caffeine: The pregnant woman should continue reducing caffeine intake and drinking stimulants, such as tea, coffee, and soft drinks, until the end of pregnancy. If necessary, consume an amount that does not exceed 200 mg per day only because it absorbs water from the body, and it can cross the placenta and affect the child’s nervous system. Energy drinks are entirely prohibited during pregnancy, as they increase the risk of miscarriage for the fetus 100 times more than other drinks and contain substances that disrupt the use of vitamins, salts, and proteins consumed daily.
- Some drinks: You should stay away from drinks that increase uterine contractions so as not to cause bleeding or abortion, such as cinnamon, ginger, sage, mint, cumin, and fenugreek.
- Liver: The liver contains large amounts of vitamin A, which eating in large quantities may lead to deformation of the fetus. So it is advised to avoid eating liver during the months of pregnancy, and if you crave it very much, you can eat a minimal amount of it.
Foods to avoid during the Third Trimester
We have reached the last third of pregnancy, and your beautiful baby is about to arrive, so you must avoid some foods that cause you to harm at the end of the pregnancy period so that your baby arrives in safety and good health. Just as there were foods forbidden for pregnant women in the first months, there are also some foods that you should avoid in the last trimester to make your pregnancy pass well.
Here are some foods that you should refrain from eating in the last three months of pregnancy:
- Fats and fried foods: so that you do not gain weight and unwanted fats accumulate in your body, these foods are high in calories and unhealthy, so they will not nourish you or your fetus well. They may also cause you to feel a burning sensation and increase the acidity rate.
- High salt foods: such as pickles and salted fish, reduce water retention in your body, which you may feel during these months more than any other period during pregnancy, which may increase swelling of the feet during pregnancy.
- Spicy foods: cause heartburn and reflux, so try to avoid them as much as possible.
- Smoked foods and processed meats: Because they may contain bacteria, which may harm the fetus’s health.
- Unripe meat may contain bacteria that infect the mother and her fetus with various diseases.
- Unpasteurized milk: Despite the great benefits of milk for pregnant women in recent months. You must choose pasteurized milk to avoid infection with the bacteria present in unpasteurized milk.
- Undercooked eggs: Because raw eggs can be infected with salmonella bacteria, which infects people with food poisoning. Raw eggs are found in some sauces, such as mayonnaise, so avoid eating them as well. Fish that contain mercury: such as tuna and salmon, and raw fish: may be infected with various types of bacteria, which harm the fetus.
- Hibiscus: so as not to cause pressure instability, especially during childbirth.
- Mint or fenugreek: they cause contractions in the uterus, which may lead to premature labor.
- Caffeine: Again and again, Like tea, coffee, cocoa, Nescafe, and soft water, they cause you sleeplessness and your fetus a lot of movement, but you can consume it with no more than 200 grams caffeine per day or a small cup.